I’ve been working on a film about the impact of permanent exclusion over the past few months. Among other things, I wanted to explore how some pupils were able to succeed in their new mainstream schools despite a history of ‘persistent misconduct’. Was it that the shock of the exclusion triggered some kind of wake up call? Or that new skills were developed during the spell in the PRU? Of course, contributory factors will always be multiple and complex but the really interesting thing for me was that the pupils themselves had no difficulty at all with this question.
‘They really care about us here.’
That statement, and variations of it, was the explanation pupils gave me, in a heartbeat, time after time. Sometimes ‘all’ was added, with a degree of bitterness – ‘They care about all the pupils’. Nobody said, ‘Well here there are no excuses so I have to behave’ Or, “SLT run the detentions so I make sure I toe the line.’ No, it was feeling cared about that made the difference. And I don’t suppose anyone is surprised to read that.
Many studies confirm what has always been self-evident to inclusive practitioners; that vulnerable young people, those at risk of permanent exclusion, are more likely to be saved by an empathic relationship than a consistently applied behaviour management policy. Look no further than Kes and that line up of children waiting for the head teacher’s cane. “Always the same old faces.”
Stanford University researchers found through this study that the exclusion of adolescents fell by half when teachers adopted an empathic as opposed to a punitive mindset. The significance of this is outlined at the top of their paper:
Stanford researchers, in arguing for a paradigm shift, demonstrate how sanctions actually worsen behaviour. They demonstrate that the medicine of the traditional behaviour policy is killing the sickest patients since they’re the ones swallowing most of it.
To be clear, I’m not suggesting in citing this research that schools should abandon their boundaries, rules and the consequences for ignoring these. We can’t just have a free for all. What we must accept though, is that for a small, vulnerable minority, the traditional behaviour management approach will not work. It’s simply not the answer to a chronic behavioural difficulty and for as long as we continue to apply it as if it is, without reasonable adjustment and a focus on maintaining empathic relationships, then we will remain the highest excluder of children in Europe. That can’t be right. Especially when the answer is in many ways so simple.
“They really care about us here.”
8 thoughts on “They really care about us here”
Empathy must be applied to all children including those who are well behaved. My very polite and well behaved daughter said of her primary school “they only care about you when you bleed” as the only time someone softened and was warm to her was when she had a bad accident in the playground!
Myself as a very troubled child from a chaotic abusive home, I craved empathy and interest. The detentions and humiliating punishments did nothing for me. When you have poor role models and relationships at home it is paramount that adults at school are able to be caring and set boundaries but even when those relationships are good and healthy at home, children need empathy.
The same goes in the work place! We all need clarity, boundaries and empathy!
Too true Penny. We do all need it! A friend of mine, a Head, has excluded no child permanently or for a fixed term for nearly a year. Behaviour has been rated outstanding in his school – an inclusive secondary academy. He puts this down to one thing – love. When teachers are interviewed he makes it very clear that this is the school’s core value: the staff must love the children. The whole SLT model this and his school is an incredibly happy community with – as you’d expect – really supportive parents. Naturally, academic progress flows from this.
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You might like this https://tenpencemore.wordpress.com/2016/05/08/on-empathy-and-viewing-education-through-a-lens-of-childhood/
I tried to share this excellent post on Facebook and was told I couldn’t as someone had reported it as containing abusive or disturbing content, which is baffling. The quote about children who are loved at home coming to school to learn and students who aren’t, coming to school to be loved is very powerful.
Abusive or disturbing content? Blimey!
Well thanks for at least trying to share it.
I also love that quote. Also the idea that children who need love the most have the strangest way of showing it!
Children acting out abusive behaviour may be interesting to you Meredith, to most people it is disturbing and for good reason. I suggest that you at least look at the “cycle of abuse” model before making that comment. Or talk to some domestic abuse victims.
The quote is pithy and only there to support those who won’t educate children from challenging backgrounds. I’m from the same background as Penny but have had a different trajectory. One area that I think has never been examined is why this difference occurs as that is most likely to help. It’s not just relationships at school, they also need to be improved at home.